windows server 安装 mysql

下载:https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/

1、安装

解压zip到安装目录C:\mysql-8.0.13-winx64
在安装目录下新建配置文件my.ini,内容如下:

[mysqld]
# Remove leading # and set to the amount of RAM for the most important data
# cache in MySQL. Start at 70% of total RAM for dedicated server, else 10%.
# innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M

# Remove leading # to turn on a very important data integrity option: logging
# changes to the binary log between backups.
# log_bin

# These are commonly set, remove the # and set as required.
basedir = C:\mysql-8.0.13-winx64
datadir = C:\mysql-8.0.13-winx64\mysqldata
port = 3306
# server_id = .....


# Remove leading # to set options mainly useful for reporting servers.
# The server defaults are faster for transactions and fast SELECTs.
# Adjust sizes as needed, experiment to find the optimal values.
# join_buffer_size = 128M
# sort_buffer_size = 2M
# read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M 

sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES 

character-set-server = utf8mb4

performance_schema_max_table_instances = 600
table_definition_cache = 400
table_open_cache = 256

[mysql]
default-character-set = utf8mb4

[client]
default-character-set = utf8mb4

注意:
basedir = C:\mysql-8.0.13-winx64   安装目录
datadir = C:\mysql-8.0.13-winx64\mysqldata   数据库文件目录
根据自己实际情况配置。

2、数据库初始化

已管理员运行命令行在数据库安装目录下的bin目录中执行如下命令:

mysqld --initialize --console

执行完成之后会打印出root密码,记下来,后面修改密码需要用到。

3、安装服务

在bin下执行命令:

mysqld --install mysql

后面的mysql为服务名,可以不写,默认mysql

安装成功之后,执行命令:

net start mysql

就可以启动mysql服务了。

4、修改密码

在bin下执行命令,登录mysql

mysql -u root -p

然后输入上面日志中的密码,即可登录。如果想要创建数据库则需要修改默认密码,执行下面的命令:

ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY '123456';

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